• Communication and Culture examines human interaction as always grounded in cultural contexts. Cultural dimensions of communication can be approached by the in-depth study of particular contexts, by comparison of different contexts, or by examination of what happens when participants from different backgrounds interact.

  • Communication and Organizations examines the varied communication processes that underlie organizing. Organizing occurs in many forms (e.g., coordination of paid and volunteer work, ad hoc organizing among first responders in an emergency, the formation of professional standards).

  • Interpersonal Communication examines the processes of human interaction. Interpersonal communication occurs in many contexts (e.g., among coworkers, between friends, within families). It can happen in face-to-face interactions or interactions mediated through communication technologies (e.g., telephones, computers).